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Last year a record number of new manufacturing jobs were created. Will this year bring another record? Well, any new manufacturing job is created either within an existing company or by the start-up of a new company. Within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace. At the same time, there is considerable evidence that the number of new companies starting up will be no higher this year than it was last year and there is no reason to think that the new companies starting up this year will create more jobs per company than did last year’s start-ups. So clearly, the number of new jobs created this year will fall short of last year’s record.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

    A. The first is a claim that the argument challenges; the second is an explicit assumption on which that challenge is based.

    B. The first is a claim that the argument challenges; the second is a judgment advanced in support of the main conclusion of the argument.

    C. The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument; the second is an objection that has been raised against that main conclusion.

    D. The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument; the second is a judgment advanced in support of that main conclusion.

    E. The first and the second are each claims that have been advanced in support of a position that the argument opposes.

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答案:
D

";font-size:15px;font-family:Georgia-Bold;color:#000000;font-weight:bold">Argument Construction

Situation Manufacturing jobs are created either within existing companies or in startups. Manufacturing jobs are being created at a much slower rate this year than last year. It seems likely that the number of new start-ups will not exceed last year’s number and that the average number of manufacturing jobs per start-up will not exceed last year’s number. So fewer manufacturing jobs are likely to be created this year than last year.

Reasoning What function is served by the statement that within existing firms, new jobs have been created this year at well below last year’s record pace? What function is served by the statement that there is no reason to think that the new companies starting up this year will create more jobs per company than did last year’s start-ups? The first statement is one of the statements used as support for the argument’s main conclusion (the prediction about this year’s job creation). The second statement gives another premise used as support for that prediction.

 A. The argument does not challenge the claim made by the first statement; it uses the first and the second statement as support for the argument’s main conclusion, the prediction about this year’s job creation.

B. The argument does not challenge the claim made by the first statement, but uses the first and second statements as support for the argument’s main conclusion.

C. The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument; the second is not an objection that has been raised against the main conclusion.

D. Correct. The first provides evidence in support of the main conclusion of the argument; the second also provides support for the main conclusion.

E. Neither the first nor the second is meant to support a position that the argument opposes; rather, they are both meant to support the argument’s main conclusion. 

The correct answer is D

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