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题库解析   >   逻辑语义 题型   >   SC668-682题
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SC668-682题

【OG20-P787-767题】

A long-term study of some 1,000 physicians indicates that the more coffee these doctors drank, the more they had a likelihood of coronary disease.



    <p>(A) more they had a likelihood of coronary disease</p><p>(B) more was their likelihood of having coronary disease</p><p>(C) more they would have a likelihood to have coronary disease</p><p>(D) greater was their likelihood of having coronary disease</p><p>(E) greater was coronary disease likely</p><p><br/></p>
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答案:
D
Idiom; Rhetoric
al construction; This sentence describes the results of a study in which researchers found a correlation between the amounts of coffee that people drank and their likelihood of coronary disease. It most eloquently expresses this correlation as a comparison of parallel forms, using the idiom the + comparative adjective phrase . . . the + comparative adjective phrase. The two adjective phrases should have the same grammatical form. A This version obscures the intended correlation between coffee and likelihood. The phrase the more they had a likelihood somewhat illogically indicates that the research subjects had likelihood to a greater degree rather than that their likelihood was greater. B Although the adverb more is used to indicate a greater degree or extent in phrases such as more likely, the adjective more normally indicates greater quantity. Thus, the use of more as an adjective modifying their likelihood is nonstandard. Differences in a particular type of likelihood are normally thought of as matters of degree, not of quantity. Greater is the preferred adjective for indicating such differences. C The conditional verb phrase would have a likelihood to have is redundant, wordy, and not comparable to the simple past tense drank. D Correct. This version uses proper wording and is clear and concise. E This completion of the comparison is not idiomatic; moreover, it is ungrammatical, attempting to use an adjective greater to describe an adverb, likely.

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