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题库解析   >   问题求解型 题型   >   RC13-16篇
本题由lindy提供
2755 次学习
RC13-16篇

Is it possible to decrease inflation without causing a recession and its concomitant increase line in unemployment? The orthodox answer

is "no." whether they support the "inertia" theory of inflation (that today's inflation rate is caused by yesterday's inflation, the state of the economic cycle, and external influences such as import prices) or the "rational expectations" theory (that inflation is caused by workers' and employers' expectations, coupled with a lack of credible monetary and fiscal policies), most economists agree that tight monetary and fiscal policies, which cause recessions, are necessary to decelerate inflation. They point out that in the 1980's, many European countries and the United States conquered high (by these countries' standards) inflation, but only by applying tight monetary and fiscal policies that sharply increased unemployment. Nevertheless, some governments' policymakers insist that direct controls on wages and prices, without tight monetary and fiscal policies, can succeed in decreasing inflation. Unfortunately, because this approach fails to deal with the underlying causes of inflation, wage and price controls eventually collapse, the hitherto-repressed inflation resurfaces, and in the meantime, though the policy-makers succeed in avoiding a recession, a frozen structure of relative prices imposes distortions that do damage to the economy's prospects for long-term growth.

The passage suggests that the high inflation in the United

States and many European countries in the 1980's differed from inflation elsewhere in which of the following ways?

    A.It fit the rational expectations theory of inflation but not the inertia theory of inflation.

    B.It was possible to control without causing a recession.

    C.It was easier to control in those countries by applying tight monetary and fiscal policies than it would have been elsewhere.

    D.It was not caused by workers' and employers' expectations.

    E.It would not necessarily be considered high elsewhere.


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答案:
E
关键词high i
nflation in the United States and many European countries in the 1980’s 定位到They point out that in the 1980’s, many European countries and the United States conquered high (by these countries’ standards) inflation, but only by applying tight monetary and fiscal policies that sharply increased unemployment.问的是美国和欧洲的通货膨胀不一下哪点不同于其他地方 选项A 文章未提及 选项B possible to control without causing a recession未提及 选项C easier to control in those countries层次未提及 选项D workers’ and employers’ expectations.层次未提及 选项E by these countries’ standards),与层次意思相符,正确

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