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    本题由lindy提供
2689次学习

What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The

dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of multifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.

It can be inferred from the passage that proponents of

the view mentioned in the first highlighted text believe which of the following about the origin of Algonquian family hunting territories?


    (A) They evolved from multifamilial hunting territories.

    (B) They are an outgrowth of reciprocal land-use practices.

    (C) They are based on certain spiritual beliefs.

    (D) They developed as a result of contact with Europeans.

    (E) They developed as a result of trade with non-Algonquian Indian tribes.


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答案:
D
这个题目比
较细节,定位在第一个高亮词和第二个高亮词中间的地方。主要讲的意思是“A”受欧洲人的影响。 (A)他们从多家庭狩猎领地中进化而来。这个是作者的观点(第3个“view”),不是第一个“view”。 (B)他们是土地应用实践的回馈结果。“land-use”是在作者最后提出的自己的观点中才出现的。不是第一个“view”的内容 (C)他们基于确定的精神信条。在第一个“view”没有提到精神信条。 (D)Correct. 他们是由于与欧洲人交流而发展的。定位句主要的意思就是与欧洲人交流的结果。 (E)他们是由于和非“A”的印度部落交易而发展的。文中没有提到和其他部落交易的信息。

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