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    本题由lindy提供
2787次学习

What kinds of property rights apply to Algonquian family hunting territories, and how did they come to be? The

dominant view in recent decades has been that family hunting territories, like other forms of private landownership, were not found among Algonquians (a group of North American Indian tribes) before contact with Europeans but are the result of changes in Algonquian society brought about by the European-Algonquian fur trade, in combination with other factors such as ecological changes and consequent shifts in wildlife harvesting patterns. Another view claims that Algonquian family hunting territories predate contact with Europeans and are forms of private landownership by individuals and families. More recent fieldwork, however, has shown that individual and family rights to hunting territories form part of a larger land-use system of multifamilial hunting groups, that rights to hunting territories at this larger community level take precedence over those at the individual or family level, and that this system reflects a concept of spiritual and social reciprocity that conflicts with European concepts of private property. In short, there are now strong reasons to think that it was erroneous to claim that Algonquian family hunting territories ever were, or were becoming, a kind of private property system.

The primary purpose of the passage is to


    (A) provide an explanation for an unexpected phenomenon

    (B) suggest that a particular question has yet to be answered

    (C) present a new perspective on an issue

    (D) defend a traditional view from attack

    (E) reconcile opposing sides of an argument


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答案:
C
文章一开始
驳斥了两种传统观点,而后提出了自己的观点并作出总结,属于议论性的文章。 (A)提供对一个意外的现象的解释。文中提到的现象就是“property rights”现象,但作者并没有说这是个意外现象。 (B)提出一个尚未被回答的问题。文中提到唯一的问题是“how did they come to be”。在文中已经被回答,只是作者认为回答的不正确。 (C)Correct. 展示对一个事件的全新视角。作者对与文章一开始提出的问题做了一个全新的回答。前面驳斥的两个观点也是作者为了提出自己的观点而做出的铺垫。 (D)防止一个传统的观点被攻击。作者在文中攻击两个传统观点,不是保护传统观点。 (E)调和争论的双方。作者没有调和以往的争论,而是提出自己的观点。

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