子机构
400-600-1123
logo GMAT备考资讯 答疑社区 GMAT公开课 提分课程
登录
注册

我的备考方案

获取方案

题库解析   >   推理题题型   >  
    本题由lindy提供
2622次学习

In a new book about the antiparty feeling of the early political leaders of the United States, Ralph Ketcham argues

that the first six Presidents differed decisively from later Presidents because the first six held values inherited from the classical humanist tradition of eighteenth-century England. In this view, government was designed not to satisfy the private desires of the people but to make them better citizens; this tradition stressed the disinterested devotion of political leaders to the public good. Justice, wisdom, and courage were more important qualities in a leader than the ability to organize voters and win elections. Indeed, leaders were supposed to be called to office rather than to run for office. And if they took up the burdens of public office with a sense of duty, leaders also believed that such offices were naturally their due because of their social preeminence or their contributions to the country. Given this classical conception of leadership, it is not surprising that the first six Presidents condemned political parties. Parties were partial by definition, self-interested, and therefore serving something other than the transcendent public good.

Even during the first presidency (Washington's), however, the classical conception of virtuous leadership was being undermined by commercial forces that had been gathering since at least the beginning of the eighteenth century. Commerce--its profit-making, its self-interestedness, its individualism--became the enemy of these classical ideals. Although Ketcham does not picture the struggle in quite this way, he does rightly see Jackson's tenure (the seventh presidency) as the culmination of the acceptance of party, commerce, and individualism. For the Jacksonians, nonpartisanship lost its relevance, and under the direction of Van Buren, party gained a new legitimacy. The classical ideals of the first six Presidents became identified with a privileged aristocracy, an aristocracy that had to be overcome in order to allow competition between opposing political interests. Ketcham is so strongly committed to justifying the classical ideals, however, that he underestimates the advantages of their decline. For example, the classical conception of leadership was incompatible with our modern notion of the freedoms of speech and press, freedoms intimately associated with the legitimacy of opposing political parties.

Which of the following, if true, provides the LEAST support

for the author's argument about commerce and political parties during Jackson's presidency?


    (A) Many supporters of Jackson resisted the commercialization that could result from participation in a national economy.

    (B) Protest against the corrupt and partisan nature of political parties in the United States subsided during Jackson's presidency.

    (C) During Jackson's presidency the use of money became more common than bartering of goods and services.

    (D) More northerners than southerners supported Jackson because southerners were opposed to the development of a commercial economy.

    (E) Andrew Jackson did not feel as strongly committed to the classical ideals of leadership as George Washington had felt. 


登录申友留学,查看答案及解析
答案:
A
这个题目的
定位比较模糊。只要区分清楚J对于商业和政治的观点就不难推断出答案。注意题目是要求找出不支持的一项。 (A)Correct. 许多Jackson的支持者反对由于加入国民经济而引发的商业化。这个选项属于直接反对。不论是什么为基础的商业化,只要被“Jackson”的支持者反对了,都是反对作者对于Jackson任期中“商业化”这一论点的。 (B)在jackson的任期,抗议腐败和党派性强的美国政党的声音平息了。对政党否定之声的平息支持了作者对于J任期政治上的观点。 (C)在J的任期中,钱变得比用等价物交换更为普遍。直接支持作者对于J任期商业更为重要的观点,钱的更多使用表示了商业的色彩更浓(以物换物更多的是对必须品的需求,而不是商业化)。 (D)更多的北方人支持J因为南方人反对商业经济的发展。只要看懂了“oppose”的意思,这个选项比较容易排出。属于直接支持。 (E)Andrew Jackson没有像George Washington一样的强烈致力于古典的理想。华盛顿是非商业化的支持者,J没有和他一样的观点证明J支持商业化。属于支持选项。

参与讨论

提交
热门题目
申友gmat小助手

添加官方小助手微信
了解更多GMAT考试与咨询

吉祥物小蜜蜂
联系申友 全国免费咨询热线:400-600-1123

友情链接: 申友雅思 | 申友留学 | 申友GMAT官方微博 | 申友GMAT官方知乎机构账号

Copyright © 2020 All Right Reserved 申友教育 版权所有 沪ICP备17005516号-4 免责声明