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本题由lindy提供
1509 次学习

Historians have identified two dominant currents in the Russian women's movement of the late tsarist period. "Bourgeois" feminism, so

called by its more radical opponents, emphasized "individualist" feminist goals such as access to education, career opportunities, and legal equality. "Socialist" feminists, by contrast, emphasized class, rather than gender, as the principal source of women's inequality and oppression, and socialist revolution, not legal reform, as the only road to emancipation and equality.

However, despite antagonism between bourgeois feminists and socialist feminists, the two movements shared certain underlying beliefs. Both regarded paid labor as the principal means by which women might attain emancipation: participation in the workplace and economic self-sufficiency, they believed, would make women socially useful and therefore deserving of equality with men. Both groups also recognized the enormous difficulties women faced when they combined paid labor with motherhood. In fact, at the First All-Russian Women's Congress in 1908, most participants advocated maternity insurance and paid maternity leave, although the intense hostility between some socialists and bourgeois feminists at the Congress made it difficult for them to recognize these areas of agreement. Finally, socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.

The passage suggests that socialists within the Russian women's movement

and most bourgeois feminists believed that in Russia


    (A) women would not achieve economic equality until they had political representation within the government

    (B) the achievement of larger political aims should take precedence over the achievement of women's rights

    (C) the emancipation of women would ultimately bring about the liberation of the entire Russian population from political oppression

    (D) women's oppression was more rooted in economic inequality than was the case in other countries

    (E) the women's movement was more ideologically divided than were women's movements in other countries 


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答案:
B
这个题目需
要定位在整个文章的第二段。作者在第二段一整段都是在说两种女权主义者的所共同同意的地方。 (A)直到女人们在政府中有了政治代表她们才能或得经济平等。这个选项的内容在文章中没有出现过,即文中没有提到过政治代表的事情。在“Bourgeois”的观点中提到过“Legal equality”,或许和这个选项的内容有些关系,但是这不是两者的相同点。 (B)Correct。达成更大的政治目标需要在达成妇女的权益之前。这句话定位在“socialist feminists and most bourgeois feminists concurred in subordinating women's emancipation to what they considered the more important goal of liberating the entire Russian population from political oppression, economic backwardness, and social injustice.”。原句的意思是要把解放女人们放到解放整个苏联的什么什么的后面。显然后者是更大的目标。 (C)解放女人最终可以让整个苏联的人从政治压迫中解脱出来。这个选项也定位在选项B的那句话上,只不过这个选项把两者关系弄反了。 (D)女性的压迫在经济的不平等中根深蒂固,这种情形苏联要比别的国家更严重。文章中从没有提到苏联与别的国家相比。属于无中生有。 (E)苏联女权运动在思想上其他国家的女性运动划分的更加细致。同选项D,属于无中生有。

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