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本题由lindy提供
2188 次学习

In Forces of Production, David Noble examines the transformation of the machine-tool industry as the industry moved from reliance on

skilled artisans to automation. Noble writes from a Marxist perspective, and his central argument is that management, in its decisions to automate, conspired against labor: the power that the skilled machinists wielded in theindustry was intolerable to management. Noble fails to substantiate this claim, although his argument is impressive when he applies the Marxist concept of “de-skilling”—the use oftechnology to replace skilled the automation of the machine-tool industry. In automating, the industry moved to computer-based, digitalized “numerical control" (N/C) technology, ratherthan to artisan generated “record-playback" (R/P) technology.

Although both systems reduced reliance on skilled labor, Noble clearly prefers R/P, with its inherent acknowledgment of workers’ skills: unlike N/C, its programs were produced not byengineers at their computers, but by skilled machinists, who recorded their own movements to “teach" machines to duplicate those movements. However, Noble's only evidence ofconspiracy is that, although the two approaches were roughly equal in technical merit, management chose N/C. From this he concludes that automation is undertaken not becauseefficiency demands it or scientific advances allow it. but because it is a tool in the ceaseless war of capitalists against labor.

The author of the passage commends Noble's book for which

of the following?

    A. Concentrating on skilled as opposed to unskilled workers in its discussion of the machine-tool industry
    B. Offering a generalization about the motives behind the machine-tool industry/‘s decision to automate
    C. Making an essential distinction between two kinds of technology employed in the machine-tool industry
    D. Calling into question the notion that managers conspired against labor in the automation of the machine-tool industry
    E. Applying the concept of de-skilling to the machine-tool industry

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答案:
E
逻辑简图:
第一段:DN的观点:管理与劳动力有冲突--指出DN的问题 第二段:DN支持R/P--指出DN只有唯一的证据,且说明他对managers会选择N/C的解释 A. Concentrating on skilled as opposed to unskilled workers in its discussion of the machine-tool industry(未提及) B. Offering a generalization about the motives behind the machine-tool industry/‘s decision to automate(未提及) C. Making an essential distinction between two kinds of technology employed in the machine-tool industry(未提及) D. Calling into question the notion that managers conspired against labor in the automation of the machine-tool industry(是作者的观点,不符题意) E. Applying the concept of de-skilling to the machine-tool industry 推理题:基于全文内容可得知e为最佳选项。

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