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    本题由chris提供
2749次学习

The recent rise of low-cost airlines in Country Y has

led to great increases in the number of air travelers and flights. However, a “hidden cost” of flying and certain other forms of travel is the significant amount of air pollution, which contributes to global warming. To make people pay these hidden costs—and in the process discourage the explosive growth in flying—the government of Country Y plans to impose fees on all air travel. There is a problem, however, in that many residents of Country Y would then use automobile transportation instead, without paying the hidden costs of the resulting air pollution.


Which of the following additions to the government's plan would be likely to help most in overcoming the problem referred to in the final sentence above?



    A. Restricting the number of daily flights permitted in Country Y

    B. Using the fees imposed on air travel to educate the public about the effects of air pollution on global warming

    C. Setting clear, specific recommendations for the long-term reduction in exhaust emissions by automobile transportation in the country

    D. Asking airplane manufacturers to study the possibility of creating airplanes that produce less air pollution

    E. Imposing substantial fees on all forms of motorized transportation, in proportion to the amount of pollution caused by each form


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答案:
E
Y国低成本
空公司增加,导致旅行者和航班增加。然而,飞机和特定的其他旅行方式的“隐含成本”是很大的空气污染,会导致全球变暖。为了让人们付这些隐含成本,防止飞行爆发式增长,Y计划对所有飞行征收附加费。然而问题是很多人都会开车出行,避免为隐含成本付费。 计划题,目标让人们付飞机的隐含成本 题目增强目标 A 限制每天航班数量; 与目标无关,排 B 用飞行增费来教育公众污染导致的全球变暖问题; 与目标无关,排 C 对尾气减排制定清晰,特定的标准; 制定标准,并不影响人们开车出行,排 D 让飞行制造企业研究少排放的飞机; 少排放的飞机与增费无关,排 E 根据每种形式污染量的比例,对所有形式的汽车交通增收大量的费用; 对汽车增大量的费,阻止开车出行,搭桥增强,正确

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