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    本题由chris提供
1167次学习

Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to

determine the population of each village.Village census records for the last half of the 1600's are remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines. Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded; and concealing the size of a village's population from government census takers would have been easy. Therefore, the reported declines probably did not happen.


In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?


    A. The first presents a finding to support the position the historian seeks to establish; the second is a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.

    B. The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is a judgment advanced to support that position.

    C. The first is a position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is evidence that has been used to argue against that position.

    D. The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in support of a certain position; the second is that position.

    E. The first is a claim that the historian rejects; the second is a conclusion drawn to justify that rejection.


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答案:
B
历史学家:
在D国,每年人口统计确定每村人口。村记录1600年后半期很完整;5年里村子报告了大量人口下降。5年中每年下降都在税上升之后。税被中央用人口来统计。很明显,无论何时税上升,村子有动机最小化人口;隐藏人口数很容易。因此被报告的下降没发生过。 黑体题 分析原文,第一黑体提供背景,第二黑体是支持观点的判断,答案为B

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