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题库解析   >   主旨题题型   >  
    本题由chris提供
1336次学习

The fields of antebellum (pre-Civil War) political history and women’s history use separate sources

and focus on separate issues. Political historians, examining sources such as voting records, newspapers, and politicians’ writings, focus on the emergence in the 1840’s of a new “American political nation,” and since women were neither voters nor politicians, they receive little discussion. Women’s historians, meanwhile, have shown little interest in the subject of party politics, instead drawing on personal papers, legal records such as wills, and records of female associations to illuminate women’s domestic lives, their moral reform activities, and the emergence of the woman’s rights movement.

However, most historians have underestimated the extent and significance of women’s political allegiance in the antebellum period. For example, in the presidential election campaigns of the 1840’s, the Virginia Whig party strove to win the allegiance of Virginia’s women by inviting them to rallies and speeches. According to Whig propaganda, women who turned out at the party’s rallies gathered information that enabled them to mold party-loyal families, reminded men of moral values that transcended party loyalty, and conferred moral standing on the party. Virginia Democrats, in response, began to make similar appeals to women as well. By the mid-1850’s the inclusion of women in the rituals of party politics had become commonplace and the ideology that justified such inclusion had been assimilated by the Democrats.

The primary purpose of the passage as a whole is

to



    A. examine the tactics of antebellum political parties with regard to women

    B. trace the effect of politics on the emergence of the woman’s rights movement

    C. point out a deficiency in the study of a particular historical period

    D. discuss the ideologies of opposing antebellum political parties

    E. contrast the methodologies in two differing fields of historical inquiry


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答案:
C

正确答案

为(A),符合文章主旨,第一段讲了P和W的观点,第二段转折,指出:大多数历史学家低估了南北战争期间女性正直忠诚的程度和重要性。 (B)文章的确提到了女性,也提到了政治,但B项的表述“追踪政治对南北战争之前女性权利运动的涌现的影响”属于无中生有。 (C)文章第一段写对对南北战争前的政治历史和女性历史涉及的研究资料是相互独立的。第二段开头出现强转折,但后文并不是围绕第一段研究的缺陷展开讨论,而是讨论女性在政治当中所起的作用。 (D)讨论了反对南北战争时期政党的意识形态 (E)对比了连个不同历史研究领域的方法论。文章第一段却是涉及到了两个不同的历史研究领域,并且这两个领域的研究方法(文中主要是研究资料)的确不同。但是第二段出现了强转折词however,我们说过however连接的结构,不管是词、短语或者段落,however后边的部分重要性都要超过前边部分。因此第二段才是文章重点或者说目的所在。

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