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干货!GMAT逻辑所有题型及标志词汇总!

申友 2020-03-24 18:10:17 浏览量(329)

在GMAT逻辑题中,不同的题型有着不同的答题技巧跟解题思路。因此,如何分清是什么题型,就显得尤为重要了,申友GMAT的Lindsay老师给大家盘点了GMAT逻辑题里面常见题型标配词,希望能给大家在做题的时候带来更多方便。



黑体题 BOLDFACE


黑体题目是我们需要判断论证中的黑体部分在论证中起到了什么角色。BOLDFACE通常比较好判断,在题干部分已经将需要判断的部分黑体。

题干标识:

· In the argument above, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

 

假设 assumption


假设题目通常需要我们去找一个论证隐含的条件,使得论证结论成立。但是这个条件是使得整个论证成立的一个必要条件,因此与增强题目稍有区别。

· Which of the following is an assumption that supports drawing the conclusion above from the reasons given for that conclusion?

· The conclusion above is based on which of the following assumptions?

· The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

 

增强 strengthen


增强题目,需要我们在选项中找到一个条件使得结论更有可能成立。这个条件我们并不需要他们完全成立,但是如果这个条件会使得结论更有可能成立。

· Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the argument/conclusion above?

· Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the archaeologists ‘hypothesis?

· Which of the following, if true, most strongly justifies the claim made by the argument?

 

削弱 weaken


削弱题目,需要我们在选项中找到一个条件使得结论更有可能不成立,或者推断不出结论。削弱方向有他因削弱,因果倒置等。

· Which of the following, if true, casts most serious doubt on the argument?

· Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines that reasoning?

· Which of the following, if true, most seriously/substantially weakens the argument?

· Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the force of the evidence cited?

 

评估 evaluate


评估题目,是需要我们去评估结论的准确性,也就是结论是否成立。因为我们需要看下列条件的成立与否是否对结论会造成两方面的影响。

· Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in order to evaluate the argument?

· Which of the following would it be most useful to determine in evaluating the argument?

· Which of the following would it be most important to ascertain in evaluating the argument?

 

结论 inference


结论题目需要我们根据论证中已知条件,从选项中找出仅能够通过论证内容推断出的内容。结论题也是一个must be true 的题目,也就是说结论题的选项必须成立。

· If the statements above are true, which of the following must also be true on the basis of the them

· The considerations given best serve as part of an argument that

· Which of the following conclusions can properly be drawn from the information above?

 

Complete the argument


CA题目需要我们将论证补充完整,一般情况下我们可能补充一个前提条件(增强)或者结论。


我们需要根据空白前面的词语来判断,我们需要补充是哪一个部分。如果是需要补充前提条件就是需要补充一个条件来增强结论,使得结论成立;如果是需要补充结论,我们则需要把前提条件里面的内容当成是已知推断条件,看根据这些条件能够得出下列的什么结论。

增强:

· Because____

· Since_______

· Assumes____

 

结论:

· It follows that________

· It should be expected that________


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