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介词短语和副词怎么放?这2道GMAT SC题,让你搞清它们的位置问题

申友 2021-02-08 16:00:26 浏览量(258)


介词短语和副词怎么放?这2道GMAT SC题,让你搞清它们的位置问题。在GMAT句子改错中,介词短语是考察的一个要点。而其中介词短语和副词的位置问题的常常会出现的考查形式。它们两者位置的改变会造成的语义的改变。

 介词短语是可以修饰各种结构的比如名词,动词,一句话等等,副词是除了名词都可以去修饰的,因为他们修饰的多样性,所以位置很重要,靠近谁修饰谁,广州申友Sofia老师现在带大家看两道例题来了解下: 

 

1.Traveling the back roads of Hungary, in 1905 Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly began their pioneering work in ethnomusicology, and they were armed only with an Edison phonograph and insatiable curiosity.

 

A.Traveling the back roads of Hungary, in 1905 Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly began their pioneering work in ethnomusicology, and they were armed only

 

B.In 1905, Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly, traveling the back roads of Hungary, began their pioneering work in ethnomusicology, and they were only armed

 

C.In 1905 Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly began their pioneering work in ethnomusicology, traveling the back roads of Hungary armed only

 

D.Having traveled the back roads of Hungary, in 1905 Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly began their pioneering work in ethnomusicology; they were only armed

 

E.Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly, in 1905 began their pioneering work in ethnomusicology, traveling the back roads of Hungary, arming themselves only

 

语义:

1905年,贝拉·巴托克(Bela Bartok)和佐尔坦·科达伊(Zoltan Kodaly)开始了民族音乐学的开创性工作,他们带着爱迪生的留声机和永不满足的好奇心在匈牙利的乡村道路上旅行。
A选项,分词短语置于句首,后面主句要首先给出主语,也就是分词的逻辑主语且并列结构不合理,根据语义这里armed with为traveling的修饰,表方式。B选项,并列结构不合理,根据语义这里armed with为traveling的修饰,表方式,且这里only修饰armed,变成仅武装(没有其它动作发生),改变原句合理的语义;原句only修饰with...,仅带着...(没有带其他的东西)。C选项,正确D选项,错同A 

 

2.Custodian fees and expenses, as described in the statement of operations, include interest expense incurred by the fund on any cash overdrafts of its custodian account during the period.

 

A.include interest expense incurred by the fund on any cash overdrafts of its custodian account during the period

 

B.are to include interest expenses on any cash overdrafts of its custodian account the fund incurred during the period

 

C.includes interest expense the fund incurred during the period on any cash overdrafts of its custodian account

 

D.may include interest expense during the period that the fund was to incur on any cash overdrafts of its custodian account

 

E.including interest expense on any cash overdrafts of its custodian account incurred by the fund during the period

 

语义:

业务报表所述的托管费和费用包括该基金在这一期间托管帐户的任何现金透支所产生的利息费用。
A选项,正确,during the period就近修饰动词incurred,基金在这一期间托管帐户的任何现金透支所产生的利息费用。B选项, 修饰错误,incurred during the period的是interest expensesC选项,主谓单复数不一致D选项,during the period就近修饰 include错误E选项,无谓语 

老师介绍


留学 GMAT 


广州申友Sofia老师介词短语和副词的位置问题只是GMAT SC中修饰考点的其中一个方面,而SC部分则囊括了修饰、逻辑、平行等多个考点,想要完全掌握它们以便在考试之中游刃有余?
 申友GMAT经典全程突破课,带你了解掌握GMAT方法和思维,帮助你用更短的时间完成备考,以更快的效率拿到理想成绩。以上就是“介词短语和副词怎么放?这2道GMAT SC题,让你搞清它们的位置问题。”的全部内容了,更多详情可进入申友GMAT官网查看。

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