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题库解析   >   结论题型   >   CR544-556题
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CR544-556题

【OG20-P564-617题】

Neuroscientist: Memory evolved to help animals react appropriately to situations they encounter by drawing on the past experience of similar situations. But this does not require that animals perfectly recall every detail of all their experiences. Instead, to function well, memory should generalize from past experiences that are similar to the current one.

The neuroscientist’s statements, if true, most strongly support which of the following conclusions?


    <p>(A) At least some animals perfectly recall every detail of at least some past experiences.</p><p>(B) Perfectly recalling every detail of all their past experiences could help at least some animals react more appropriately than they otherwise would to new situations they encounter.</p><p>(C) Generalizing from past experiences requires clear memories of most if not all the details of those experiences.</p><p>(D) Recalling every detail of all past experiences would be incompatible with any ability to generalize from those experiences.</p><p>(E) Animals can often react more appropriately than they otherwise would to situations they encounter if they draw on generalizations from past experiences of similar situations.</p><p><br/></p>
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答案:
E
神经学家:
依靠过去的同样状况下的经验记忆进化帮助动物对遇到的状况作出正确的反应。但是并不需要动物完全回忆起经历的每个细节。相反,为起作用,记忆应该将与现状相同的过去经历普遍化。 结论题 A 至少一些动物完全回忆起至少一些经历的细节;原文没提到,跳出范畴,排 B 完全回忆过去经历的每个细节能帮助至少一些动物对新情况更好的反应;原文说并不需要完全回忆,与原文信息不符,排 C 过去经历的普遍化要求清晰的记得大多数细节;原文没提到,跳出范畴,排 D 回忆起每个细节与任何普遍化的能力不相容;原文没提到相容问题,排 E 如果普遍化过去经历,动物能对遇到的状况作出更好的反应;与原文逻辑链高度一致,见原文最后一句,正确

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