子机构
400-600-1123
logo GMAT备考资讯 答疑社区 GMAT公开课 提分课程

城市电话

申友-中心

免费咨询

咨询热线:

地址:
登录
注册

我的备考方案

获取方案

题库解析   >   观点对比型题型   >   RC29-32篇
    本题由lindy提供
1217次学习
RC29-32篇

Many economists believe that a high rate of business savings in the United States is a necessary precursor

to investment, because business savings, as opposed to personal savings, comprise almost three-quarters of the national savings rate, and the national savings rate heavily influences the overall rate of business investment. These economists further postulate that real interest rates—the difference between the rates charged by lenders and the inflation rates—will be low when national savings exceed business investment (creating a savings surplus), and high when national savings fall below the level of business investment (creating a savings deficit ). However, during the 1960’s real interest rates were often higher when the national savings surplus was large. Counter-intuitive behavior also occurred when real interest rates skyrocketed from 2 percent in 1980 to 7 percent in 1982, even though national savings and investments were roughly equal throughout the period. Clearly, real interest rates respond to influences other than the savings/investment nexus. Indeed, real interest rates may themselves influence swings in the savings and investment rates. As real interest rates shot up after 1979, foreign investors poured capital into the United States, the price of domestic goods increased prohibitively abroad, and the price of foreign-made goods became lower in the United States. As a result, domestic economic activity and the ability of businesses to save and invest were restrained.

The author of the passage would be most likely to

agree with which of the following statements regarding the economists mentioned in highlight?


    A. Their beliefs are contradicted by certain economic phenomena that occurred in the United States during the 1960’s and the 1980’s.

    B. Their theory fails to predict under what circumstances the prices of foreign and domestic goods are likely to increase.

    C. They incorrectly identify the factors other than savings and investment rates that affect real interest rates.

    D. Their belief is valid only for the United States economy and not necessarily for other national economies.

    E. They overestimate the impact of the real interest rate on the national savings and investment rates.


登录申友留学,查看答案及解析
答案:
A
关键词 econo
mists in line 1那么定位到however前面的那一块都是economist认为的内容,however后面的是对economist belief的反驳了 选项A economic phenomena that occurred in the United States during the 1960’s and the 1980’s.是在however里面的内容,是对economists 观点的反驳,正确 选项B economist 并未对the prices of foreign and domestic goods 做出说明 选项C 说反了,economist 研究的就是 savings and investment rates对real interest rate的影响作用 选项D valid only for the United States economy and not necessarily for other national economies.文章未提及,而且后面United States economy 也被用来作为范例推翻它的了 选项E 反了,economist 研究的就是 savings and investment rates对real interest rate

参与讨论

提交
吉祥物小蜜蜂
联系申友 全国免费咨询热线:400-600-1123

友情链接: 申友雅思 | 申友留学 | 申友GMAT官方微博 | 申友GMAT官方知乎机构账号

Copyright © 2020 All Right Reserved 申友教育 版权所有 沪ICP备17005516号-4 免责声明